Archived from the original on 26 December During the last few months of pregnancy, some women may choose to use nursing bras. This is used to collect data on traffic to articles and other pages on our site. Eisenberg, Ted; Eisenberg, Joyne K. Retrieved 7 April
Some women are bra-free at home. Most girls start developing their chests when they are 10 or 11 years of age. Some start as early as eight, while others as late as 15 years old. So, age has little to do with when you need your first bra. Some designers have manufactured bras for girls as young as four years.
But do small girls really require a bra? Below are indications that you, or your little one, may need a bra:.
When small girls start wearing bras, they normally wear the camisole or padded varieties. Since their chests are too small to need support, they wear a bra simply to feel good and grown up. But how do you know that your bust has reached the point of needing to be supported?
But to what degree to do they have to sag? Is it one millimeter or three inches? One specialist came up with the most widely accepted method, called the "pencil test. But, a bra on a flat chest does not make any sense. Wearing a bra while pregnant is not harmful. It's not mandatory either, but there are some reasons why a woman might want to wear one. During the first two or three months of pregnancy, your bra size doesn't change much.
This means you can put on your normal bra. However, a bra on the roomy side is a good idea as you might not notice your bust becoming bigger. Underwire bras can be particularly uncomfortable with the increased tenderness and sensitivity. Expectant mothers should take a bra measurement at about weeks, and then at months before delivery.
A maternity bra is ideal in pregnancy as it has more adjustments at the back of the band, wider straps, soft cotton lining inside the cups, and it also extends cup sizes. If you really want an underwire bra, flexible wire maternity bras are available. They should not be worn to bed, however, as the wires may put unnecessary pressure on your chest, thereby causing pain. During the last few months of pregnancy, some women may choose to use nursing bras.
This is a good move, as the bras will still be useful even after giving birth. They also give confidence to those who are worried about colostrum leakage. During this period, nursing pads can also help.
They are used inside the cups and can be re-usable or disposable. Bra extenders are available for those whose cups still fit but whose band size has grown. If you can't find your bra size in your area, you can always look for outlets that take orders, or buy online. Under whatever circumstances, wearing a bra will not stop sagging or floppiness. What type of bra you wear, how long you wear it, and when you go without it depend on your own specific needs.
Because a bra is not a medical necessity, listening to your body is the key to feeling comfortable. Whether you wear one or not is solely up to you. Sign in or sign up and post using a HubPages Network account. Comments are not for promoting your articles or other sites. Alot of the reasons for not wareing in a bra sound like an option an based on social norms.
In my experience not wearing a bra is easier on my back and shoulders where when I do wear a bra it is painful. I am also big breasted if that counts for any thing but I go with out a bra because I prefer comfort over social norms. Make a bonfire of the cruel steels that have lorded it over your thorax and abdomens for so many years and heave a sigh of relief, for your emancipation I assure you, from this moment has begun.
Some feminists began arguing in the s and s that the bra was an example of how women's clothing shaped and even deformed women's bodies to male expectations.
Professor Lisa Jardine listened to feminist Germaine Greer talk about bras during a formal college dinner in Newnham College, Cambridge , in Greer had become a member of that college in At the graduates' table, Germaine was explaining that there could be no liberation for women, no matter how highly educated, as long as we were required to cram our breasts into bras constructed like mini-Vesuviuses, two stitched white cantilevered cones which bore no resemblance to the female anatomy.
The willingly suffered discomfort of the Sixties bra, she opined vigorously, was a hideous symbol of female oppression. Germaine Greer 's book The Female Eunuch became associated with the anti-bra movement because she pointed out how restrictive and uncomfortable a bra could be.
Susan Brownmiller in her book Femininity took the position that women without bras shock and anger men because men "implicitly think that they own breasts and that only they should remove bras.
The feminist author Iris Marion Young wrote in that the bra "serves as a barrier to touch" and that a braless woman is " deobjectified ", eliminating the "hard, pointy look that phallic culture posits as the norm. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia.
For other uses, see Bra disambiguation and BRA disambiguation. For the type of restaurant, see Brasserie. List of bra designs. Visible bra strap of Amy Winehouse at a performance, France. Women wearing bras in the form of bikini tops at Woodstock Festival , Poland. The Bra That Conquered the World".
Archived from the original on 4 October Retrieved 8 September Still of course the short-waisted gowns mean short-waisted corsets and those ladies who wish to be in the real absolute fashion are adopting for evening wear the six-inch straight boned band or brassiere which Sarah Bernhardt made a necessity with her directoire gowns. Clothing and Fashion Encyclopedia. Archived from the original on 29 November Retrieved 19 January Archived from the original on 3 February Retrieved 31 January Archived from the original on 16 November Archived from the original on 27 September Retrieved 16 November Archived from the original on 9 December Retrieved 22 November Archived from the original on 19 February Archived from the original on 3 November Retrieved 12 November Archived from the original on 17 October Retrieved 18 July Archived from the original on 4 March Retrieved 24 August Archived from the original on 11 January Retrieved 20 January Retrieved 26 July Archived from the original on 27 May Redefining Bra Sizing Language".
Clinics in Plastic Surgery. We go back to boob school". Archived from the original on 12 November Retrieved 6 September Retrieved 7 September Archived from the original on 11 July Archived from the original on 9 October Archived from the original on 17 November Retrieved 14 November How Is a Brassiere Made?
Archived from the original on 28 February Retrieved 3 February The underwired bra accounts for 60 per cent of the market, but women with average or fuller busts must wonder why it is so popular. The New York Times. Archived from the original on 24 April Professor Farrell-Beck said the antecedents for underwire in bras date to at least , when Marie Tucek of New York City patented a breast supporter , a sort of early push-up bra made of either metal or cardboard and then covered with fabric.
Archived from the original on 12 March Archived from the original on 25 August Archived from the original on 3 April Retrieved 25 September Archived from the original on 7 December Massachusetts Hospital for Children. Archived from the original on 31 July Retrieved 2 June Archived from the original on 18 November Retrieved 17 November Journal of Science and Medicine in Sport. Archived from the original on 14 April Retrieved 28 April The Great British Bra Survey.
Archived from the original on 27 December Retrieved 28 January Archived from the original on 23 February Retrieved 11 February Archived from the original on 17 September Retrieved 14 September Archived from the original on 8 October Archived from the original on 26 December Retrieved 6 April Archived from the original on 7 November Retrieved 22 June Archived from the original on 19 April Retrieved 11 May Retrieved 13 September A Century of the Bra".
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Archived from the original on 1 July Retrieved 1 July Archived from the original on 10 July The physicians who raised the alarm pointed to nausea, bowel disturbances, eating disorders, breathlessness, flushing, fainting, and gynecological problems. Bed rest was a common prescription for the "weaker sex," which of course implied relief from corsetry.
Women's interest in sport, particularly bicycling, forced a rethinking, and women's groups called for "emancipation garments. Not surprisingly, corsetieres fought back, embellishing their products to be frilly and feminine in the s. Advertising took on overtones of erotic imagery, even if in practice they acted as a deterrent to sexuality, especially when they started appearing in men's magazines, stressing cleavage and bare arms then taboo. Dolls assumed the corseted image, implanting an image of the "ideal" female form.
Corsets certainly reinforced the image of a weaker sex, unable to defend themselves, and also made it a challenge to disrobe. In practice, early bras made little market penetration. They were expensive, and only educated wealthy reformers wore them to any extent. American women who made important contributions included Amelia Bloomer — "When you find a burden in belief or apparel, cast it off"  and Dr. Mary Edwards Walker — There are considerable differences of opinion as to who "invented" the modern brassière or bra.
Patent dates indicate some of the landmark developments; a large number of patents for bra-like devices were granted in the 19th century. However, what is regarded as the world's oldest push-up bra was discovered in storage at the Science Museum in London. Designed to enhance cleavage, the bra is said to be from the early 19th century. A bra-like device  that gave a symmetrical rotundity to the wearer's breasts was patented in by Henry S.
Lesher of Brooklyn, New York. In , a "corset substitute" was patented by Luman L. Chapman of Camden, New Jersey. Historians refer to it as a "proto-bra. In , dressmaker Olivia Flynt was granted four patents covering the "true Corset" or "Flynt Waist. Reformers stimulated demand for and probably purchased these early garments on "hygienic" grounds because of their concerns about the corset. Initially Flynt's garments were only available by mail order, but they eventually appeared in department and clothing stores and catalogues.
Her designs won a bronze medal at the Massachusetts Charitable Mechanics Association in , at the Cotton Centennial Exposition in Atlanta in —5, and at the Columbian Exposition in Chicago in According to Life magazine, in Herminie Cadolle of France invented the first modern bra. Her garment effectively cut the traditional corset in two: The lower part was a corset for the waist and the upper part supported the breasts with shoulder straps.
Her description reads "designed to sustain the bosom and supported by the shoulders. The company, still family-owned, claims today that Herminie "freed women by inventing the first Bra. She also introduced the use of "rubber thread" or elastic. In , Marie Tucek received a U. This invention more closely resembled the modern bra known today, and was a precursor to the underwire bra.
Home-sewn garments competed with factory-made, ready-to-wear garments. The bra was at first an alternative to the corset, as a negligée or at-home wear, or worn by women with medical issues stemming from corsets. After the straight-fronted corset became fashionable in the early 20th century, a bra or "bust supporter" became a necessity for full-busted women because the straight-fronted corset did not offer as much support and containment as the Victorian styles.
Early bras were either wrap-around bodices or boned, close-fitting camisoles both worn over the corset. They were designed to hold the bust in and down against the corset, which provided upward support. Advertising of the times, typically in periodicals, stressed the advantages of bras in health and comfort over corsets and portrayed garments with shoulder supports in a mono-bosom style and with limited adaptability.
Their major appeal was to those for whom lung function and mobility were priorities, rather than outer appearance. The first modern bra was patented by the German Christine Hardt in From there the bra was adopted by women in Asia, Africa, and Latin America. In , Mary Phelps Jacob known later in life as Caresse Crosby , a year-old New York socialite, purchased a sheer evening gown for a debutante ball. At that time, the only acceptable undergarment was a corset stiffened with whalebone.
Mary had large breasts and found that the whalebone visibly poked out around her plunging neckline and from under the sheer fabric. Dissatisfied with this arrangement, she worked with her maid to fashion two silk handkerchiefs together with some pink ribbon and cord. When she received a request for one from a stranger, who offered a dollar for her efforts, she realized that her device could turn into a viable business. On November 3, , the U.
Patent Office issued the first U. Crosby managed to secure a few orders from department stores, but her business never took off. Her husband Harry Crosby discouraged her from pursuing the business and persuaded her to close it.
Warner manufactured the "Crosby" bra for a while, but it did not become a popular style and eventually was discontinued. Bras became more common and widely promoted over the course of the s, aided by the continuing trend towards lighter, shorter corsets that offered increasingly less bust support and containment.
In at the beginning of the U. War Industries Board asked women to stop buying corsets to free up metal for war production. This was said to have saved some 28, tons of metal, enough to build two battleships. It has been said that the bra took off the way it did in large part because of World War I, which shook up gender roles by putting many women to work in factories and uniforms for the first time. The war also influenced social attitudes toward women and helped to liberate them from corsets.
But women were already moving into the retail and clerical sectors. Thus the bra emerged from something that was once discreetly tucked into the back pages of women's magazines in the s, to prominent display in department stores such as Sears, Roebuck, and Montgomery Ward by Advertising was now promoting the shaping of the bust to contemporary fashion demands, and sales reflected this. As the corset became shorter during the later s, it provided less support to the bust.
By the corset started at the waist, and bust containment yielded entirely to the bra. A low, sloping bustline became more fashionable. Brassieres from the late s and early s were merely slightly shaped bandeaus bandeaux style, holding the bust in and down by means of a clip attached to the corset. This culminated in the "boyish" silhouette of the Flapper era of the s, with little bust definition.
The term which in the mids referred to preteen and early-teenage girls was adopted by the J. Walter Thompson advertising agency in the s for their younger adult customers.
The androgynous figure then in style downplayed women's natural curves through the use of a bandeau bra, which flattened breasts. It was relatively easy for small-busted women to conform to the flat-chested look of the Flapper era. Women with larger breasts tried products like the popular Symington Side Lacer that, when laced at the sides, pulled and helped to flatten women's chests.
Yet some "bras" of the early s were little more than camisoles. She and her husband William Rosenthal, along with shop owner Enid Bissett, changed the look of women's fashion. They noticed that a bra that fit one woman did not fit another woman with the same bra size.
Their innovation was designed to make their dresses look better on the wearer by increasing the shaping of the bandeau bra to enhance and support women's breasts. They named the company Maiden Form , a deliberate contrast with the name of a competitor, "Boyishform Company. In , William Rosenthal, the president of Maiden Form , filed patents for nursing, full-figured, and the first seamed uplift bra. These fashion changes coincided with health professionals beginning to link breast care and comfort to motherhood and lactation, and campaigned against breast flattening.
The emphasis shifted from minimizing the breasts to uplifting and accenting them. Women, especially the younger set, welcomed the bra as a modern garment. While manufacturing was beginning to become more organized, homemade bras and bandeaux were still quite popular, usually made of white cotton, but they were little more than bust bodices with some separation. The word "brassiere" was gradually shortened to "bra" in the s. According to a survey by Harper's Bazaar , "bra" was the most commonly used expression for the garment among college women.
In October , the S. Camp and Company correlated the size and pendulousness of a woman's breasts to letters of the alphabet, A through D. Camp's advertising featured letter-labeled profiles of breasts in the February issue of Corset and Underwear Review. In , Warner began to feature cup sizing in its products. Catalog companies continued to use the designations Small, Medium and Large through the s. As with other women's products, consumer adoption was encouraged by successful advertising and marketing campaigns.
Saleswomen played a key role, helping clients find the right garment, as did the changing role of women in society. Much of this marketing was aimed at young women. Bras rapidly became a major industry over the s, with improvements in fiber technology, fabrics, colours, patterns, and options, and did much better than the retail industry in general. Innovations included Warners' use of elastic, the adjustable strap, the sized cup, and padded bras for smaller-breasted women.
In the US production moved outside of New York and Chicago, and advertising started to exploit Hollywood glamour and become more specialised. Department stores developed fitting areas, and customers, stores and manufacturers all benefited. Manufacturers even arranged fitting training courses for saleswomen. International sales started to form an increasing part of the U. Prices started to make bras available to a wider market, and home-made competition dwindled. The culturally preferred silhouette among Western women during the s was a pointy bust, which further increased demand for a forming garment.
The Second World War had a major impact on clothing. In the United States, military women were enlisted for the first time in the lower ranks and were fitted with uniform underwear.
Willson Goggles, a Pennsylvania firm that manufactured safety equipment for manual workers, is believed to have introduced the plastic "SAF-T-BRA", designed to protect women on the factory floor. Military terminology crept into product marketing, as represented by the highly structured, conically pointed Torpedo or Bullet bra , designed for "maximum projection".
The bullet bra was worn by the Sweater Girl , a busty and wholesome "girl next door" whose tight-fitting outergarments accentuated her artificially enhanced curves. Underwire began to be used in bra construction. Actresses like Jane Russell appeared in photographs wearing the new bras that emphasized the "lift and separate" design, which influenced later bra design. Hughes created the bra on the basis of bridge building. After seeing Jane Russell and her bust in the movie, women sought to recreate the look on their own chests.
The war presented unique challenges for industry. Women's occupations shifted dramatically, with far more employed outside the home and in industry. Severe material shortages limited design choices. Advertising, promotion, and consumerism were limited but started to appear directed at minorities e.
Many manufacturers only survived by making tents and parachutes in addition to bras. American industry was now freed from European influences, particularly French, and it became more distinctive. Again there was concern about the use of badly needed steel in corsets and the British Government carried out a survey of women's usage of underwear in This showed that "on average, women owned 1.
Following the Second World War, material availability, production and marketing, and demand for a greater variety of consumer goods, including bras. The baby boom specifically created a demand for maternity and nursing bras , and television provided new promotional opportunities.
Manufacturers responded with new fabrics, colours, patterns, styles, padding and elasticity. Hollywood fashion and glamour influenced women's fashion choices including bras like the cone-shaped, spiral-stitched bullet bra popularized by actresses like Patti Page , Marilyn Monroe , and Lana Turner , who was nicknamed the " Sweater Girl ". Bras for pre-teen and girls entering puberty were first marketed during the s. The s reflected increasing interest in quality and fashion. Maternity and mastectomy bras began to find a new respectability, and the increasing use of washing machines created a need for products that were more durable.
While girdles gave way to pantyhose, the bra continued to evolve. Marketing campaigns like those for the "Snoozable" and "Sweet Dreams"  promoted wearing a bra 24 hours a day.
In at the feminist Miss America protest , protestors symbolically threw a number of feminine products into a "Freedom Trash Can. A local news story in the Atlantic City Press erroneously reported that "the bras, girdles, falsies, curlers, and copies of popular women's magazines burned in the 'Freedom Trash Can'".
Feminism and "bra-burning" became linked in popular culture. Dow has suggested that the association between feminism and bra-burning was encouraged by individuals who opposed the feminist movement. This might lead individuals to believe, as she wrote in her article "Feminism, Miss America, and Media Mythology," that the women were merely trying to be "trendy, and to attract men. This view may have supported the efforts of opponents to feminism and their desire to invalidate the movement.
Wearing a bra is a choice, just as shaving and wearing makeup are, and societal expectations of gender simply don't reflect everybody's preferences or identities. The change in bra size has been linked to growing obesity rates, breast implants, increased birth control usage, estrogen mimicking pollutants, the availability of a larger selection of bras, and women wearing better fitting bras. Aug 28, · Hello dear, There is nothing wrong with you and you are not alone here, many of the people around you also like to wear women garments though they are straight, even i knew some who are even married to a girl and loves to wear bra or panty or any women garments.