Runway show is a reflection of fashion trend and a designer's thought. Indigenous and peasant modes of adornment are an example of anti-fashion. Charles Scribner's Sons, There are two research methods:
Among the changes — easier tax refunds for overseas shoppers and accelerated openings of more duty-free shops in cities covered by the hour visa scheme. The hour visa was introduced in Beijing and Shanghai in January and has been extended to 18 Chinese cities. According to reports at the same time, Chinese consumer spending in other countries such as Japan has slowed even though the yen has dropped.
Consumers all have different needs and demands that have to be suited. A person's needs change frequently. An important factor to take into consideration when thinking of consumers' needs is the key demographics of the customer. Gender, age, income, and even profession can help a company better understand the needs of their customers.
For example, a woman who is pregnant could be looking for diapers, baby strollers, and maternity clothes. Her needs would differ greatly from a woman with children that just went off to college or a teen entering high school. Often consumers need to be told what they want. Fashion companies have to do their research to ensure they know their customers' needs before developing solutions. You cannot start with the technology and try to figure out where you are going to sell it".
The best way to understand the consumers' needs and therefore predict fashion trends is through market research. There are two research methods: Benefits of primary research is specific information about a fashion brand's consumer is explored.
Surveys are helpful tools; questions can be open-ended or closed-ended. A negative factor surveys and interviews present is that the answers can be biased, due to wording in the survey or on face-to-face interactions. Focus groups, about 8 to 12 people, can be beneficial because several points can be addressed in depth.
However, there are drawbacks to this tactic, too. With such a small sample size, it is hard to know if the greater public would react the same way as the focus group. There is less of a bias because consumers are just performing their daily tasks, not necessarily realizing they are being observed. For example, observing the public by taking street style photos of people, the consumer did not get dressed in the morning knowing that would have their photo taken necessarily.
They just wear what they would normally wear. Through observation patterns can be seen, helping trend forecasters know what their target market needs and wants. Knowing the needs of the consumers will increase a fashion companies' sales and profits.
Through research and studying the consumers' lives the needs of the customer can be obtained and help fashion brands know what trends the consumers are ready for. Fashion breathes on media and medium. The media plays a significant role when it comes to fashion. For instance, an important part of fashion is fashion journalism. Editorial critique, guidelines, and commentary can be found on television and in magazines, newspapers, fashion websites, social networks, and fashion blogs.
In recent years, fashion blogging and YouTube videos have become a major outlet for spreading trends and fashion tips, creating an online culture of sharing one's style on a website or Instagram account. Through these media outlets readers and viewers all over the world can learn about fashion, making it very accessible.
At the beginning of the 20th century, fashion magazines began to include photographs of various fashion designs and became even more influential than in the past. Talented illustrators drew exquisite fashion plates for the publications which covered the most recent developments in fashion and beauty.
Perhaps the most famous of these magazines was La Gazette du Bon Ton , which was founded in by Lucien Vogel and regularly published until with the exception of the war years.
Vogue , founded in the United States in , has been the longest-lasting and most successful of the hundreds of fashion magazines that have come and gone. One such example of Vogue' s popularity is the younger version, Teen Vogue , which covers clothing and trends that are targeted more toward the "fashionista on a budget". Haute couture designers followed the trend by starting ready-to-wear and perfume lines which are heavily advertised in the magazines and now dwarf their original couture businesses.
A recent development within fashion print media is the rise of text-based and critical magazines which aim to prove that fashion is not superficial, by creating a dialogue between fashion academia and the industry. Examples of this trend are: Fashion Theory and Vestoj Television coverage began in the s with small fashion features.
In the s and s, fashion segments on various entertainment shows became more frequent, and by the s, dedicated fashion shows such as Fashion Television started to appear. FashionTV was the pioneer in this undertaking and has since grown to become the leader in both Fashion Television and new media channels. The Fashion Industry is beginning to promote their styles through Bloggers on social media's.
Vogue specified Chiara Ferragni as "blogger of the moment" due to the rises of followers through her Fashion Blog, that became popular. A few days after the Fall Fashion Week in New York City came to a close, The New Islander ' s Fashion Editor, Genevieve Tax, criticized the fashion industry for running on a seasonal schedule of its own, largely at the expense of real-world consumers.
The fashion industry has been the subject of numerous films and television shows, including the reality show Project Runway and the drama series Ugly Betty. Specific fashion brands have been featured in film, not only as product placement opportunities, but as bespoke items that have subsequently led to trends in fashion. Videos in general have been very useful in promoting the fashion industry.
This is evident not only from television shows directly spotlighting the fashion industry, but also movies, events and music videos which showcase fashion statements as well as promote specific brands through product placements. Fashion public relations involves being in touch with a company's audiences and creating strong relationships with them, reaching out to media and initiating messages that project positive images of the company.
Building brand awareness and credibility is a key implication of good public relations. In some cases, great hype is built about new designers' collections before they are released into the market, due to the immense exposure generated by practitioners. Social media is changing the way practitioners deliver messages,  as they are concerned with the media, and also customer relationship building.
Anthropology, the study of culture and human societies, studies fashion by asking why certain styles are deemed socially appropriate and others are not.
A certain way is chosen and that becomes the fashion as defined by a certain people as a whole, so if a particular style has a meaning in an already occurring set of beliefs that style will become fashion. Through the capitalization and commoditisation of clothing, accessories, and shoes, etc.
The definition of fashion and anti-fashion is as follows: Anti-fashion is fixed and changes little over time. Anti-fashion is different depending on the cultural or social group one is associated with or where one lives, but within that group or locality the style changes little. Fashion is the exact opposite of anti-fashion. Fashion changes very quickly and is not affiliated with one group or area of the world but is spread out throughout the world wherever people can communicate easily with each other.
For example, Queen Elizabeth II's coronation gown is an example of anti-fashion because it is traditional and does not change over any period whereas a gown from fashion designer Dior's collection of is fashion because the style will change every season as Dior comes up with a new gown to replace the old one.
In the Dior gown the length, cut, fabric, and embroidery of the gown change from season to season. Anti-fashion is concerned with maintaining the status quo while fashion is concerned with social mobility. Time is expressed in terms of continuity in anti-fashion and as change in fashion.
Fashion has changing modes of adornment while anti-fashion has fixed modes of adornment. Indigenous and peasant modes of adornment are an example of anti-fashion. Change in fashion is part of the larger system and is structured to be a deliberate change in style.
Today, people in rich countries are linked to people in poor countries through the commoditization and consumption of what is called fashion. People work long hours in one area of the globe to produce things that people in another part of the globe are anxious to consume.
An example of this is the chain of production and consumption of Nike shoes, which are produced in Taiwan and then purchased in North America.
At the production end, there is nation-building a hard working ideology that leads people to produce and entices people to consume with a vast amount of goods for the offering [ clarification needed ].
Commodities are no longer just utilitarian but are fashionable, be they running shoes or sweat suits. The change from anti-fashion to fashion because of the influence of western consumer-driven civilization can be seen in eastern Indonesia. The ikat textiles of the Ngada area of eastern Indonesia are changing because of modernization and development.
Traditionally, in the Ngada area there was no idea similar to that of the Western idea of fashion, but anti-fashion in the form of traditional textiles and ways to adorn oneself were widely popular. Textiles in Indonesia have played many roles for the local people. Textiles defined a person's rank and status; certain textiles indicated being part of the ruling class.
People expressed their ethnic identity and social hierarchy through textiles. Because some Indonesians bartered ikat textiles for food, the textiles constituted economic goods, and as some textile design motifs had spiritual religious meanings, textiles were also a way to communicate religious messages.
In eastern Indonesia, both the production and use of traditional textiles have been transformed as the production, use and value associated with textiles have changed due to modernization. In the past, women produced the textiles either for home consumption or to trade with others. Today, this has changed as most textiles are not being produced at home. Western goods are considered modern and are valued more than traditional goods, including the sarong, which retain a lingering association with colonialism.
Now, sarongs are used only for rituals and ceremonial occasions, whereas western clothes are worn to church or government offices. Civil servants working in urban areas are more likely than peasants to make the distinction between western and traditional clothes. Following Indonesia's independence from the Dutch, people increasingly started buying factory made shirts and sarongs. In textile-producing areas the growing of cotton and production of naturally colored thread became obsolete.
Traditional motifs on textiles are no longer considered the property of a certain social class or age group. Wives of government officials are promoting the use of traditional textiles in the form of western garments such as skirts, vests and blouses. This trend is also being followed by the general populace, and whoever can afford to hire a tailor is doing so to stitch traditional ikat textiles into western clothes.
Thus, traditional textiles are now fashion goods and are no longer confined to the black, white and brown colour palette but come in array of colours. Traditional textiles are also being used in interior decorations and to make handbags, wallets and other accessories, which are considered fashionable by civil servants and their families.
There is also a booming tourist trade in the eastern Indonesian city of Kupang where international as well as domestic tourists are eager to purchase traditionally printed western goods. The use of traditional textiles for fashion is becoming big business in eastern Indonesia, but these traditional textiles are losing their ethnic identity markers and are being used as an item of fashion.
In the fashion industry, intellectual property is not enforced as it is within the film industry and music industry. Robert Glariston, an intellectual property expert, mentioned in a fashion seminar held in LA [ which?
We often have to draw the line between designers being inspired by a design and those outright stealing it in different places. For the past few years, WGSN has been a dominant source of fashion news and forecasts in encouraging fashion brands worldwide to be inspired by one another. Enticing consumers to buy clothing by establishing new trends is, some have argued, a key component of the industry's success.
Intellectual property rules that interfere with this process of trend-making would, in this view, be counter-productive. On the other hand, it is often argued that the blatant theft of new ideas, unique designs, and design details by larger companies is what often contributes to the failure of many smaller or independent design companies. Since fakes are distinguishable by their poorer quality, there is still a demand for luxury goods, and as only a trademark or logo can be copyrighted, many fashion brands make this one of the most visible aspects of the garment or accessory.
In handbags, especially, the designer's brand may be woven into the fabric or the lining fabric from which the bag is made, making the brand an intrinsic element of the bag. In , the World Intellectual Property Organization WIPO held a conference calling for stricter intellectual property enforcement within the fashion industry to better protect small and medium businesses and promote competitiveness within the textile and clothing industries.
There has been great debate about politics' place in Fashion and traditionally, the Fashion Industry has maintained a rather apolitical stance. Fashion may be used to promote a cause, such as to promote healthy behavior,  to raise money for a cancer cure,  or to raise money for local charities  such as the Juvenile Protective Association  or a children's hospice.
One fashion cause is trashion , which is using trash to make clothes, jewelery, and other fashion items in order to promote awareness of pollution. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. For other uses, see Fashion disambiguation.
History of Western fashion. Clothing industry and Fashion show. Fashion trend and s in fashion. Models posing in corporate office wear. Digital fashion Dress code Fashion faux pas Fashion law Fetish fashion History of Western fashion Index of fashion articles Red carpet fashion Suit clothing Sustainable fashion Modest fashion Western dress codes Women's beachwear fashion.
Fashion in Medieval France. Archived from the original on 19 April Retrieved 26 April Baroque and Rococo Silks. Couture sewing techniques "Originating in mid- 19th-century Paris with the designs of an Englishman named Charles Frederick Worth, haute couture represents an archaic tradition of creating garments by hand with painstaking care and precision".
Reputation, Celebrity and the "Professional" Designer". Poiret, Dior and Schiaparelli: Fashion, Femininity and Modernity English ed. Encyclopedia of Clothing and Fashion. Charles Scribner's Sons, Gale Virtual Reference Library. Textiles and Fashion in Early Modern Europe". Journal of Social History , 41 4 , — Journal of Fashion Marketing and Management.
Archived from the original on A Journal of Good Taste". Designing for the famous — psychology of building a brand in haute couture shoe design and fashion. An International Journal ;5 5: Getting the most from social: An integrated marketing approach. The Fashion Issue, 24 9 , 12— Throughout the years, jumpsuits have enjoyed their fair share of ups and downs in the fashion industry.
Styles have ranged from simple and sophisticated to bold and daring, making it possible for anyone to try this trend regardless of their personal style.
These days, jumpsuits for women are … Continue Reading. Womens fashion plus size has come a long way in recent years. The body-positive movement seems to have awakened a sleeping giant known as the plus size woman. For many years, the fashion industry ignored curvy or larger women in favor of waifs and boney.
Today, many of the major design houses … Continue Reading. The only way to tell the difference between a fashionista who spent too much on their clothes and one who didn't is by closer examination of their wallets. A true fashionista, even on a budget, looks fabulous at all times.
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